2022文献亮点分享

Overcoming urban frontiers: Ordering Favela tourism actor-networks

征服城市边界:组建贫民窟旅游的行动者网络

Altamirano, M. E. (2022). Overcoming urban frontiers: Ordering Favela tourism actor-networks. Tourist Studies, 22(2), 200–222. https://doi.org/10.1177/14687976221090738

 

Link:https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/14687976221090738

本文考察了里约热内卢圣玛尔塔贫民窟旅游业多方行动者之间的多重与异质、当前与潜在的关系,试图城游客作为超越正规政治障碍的“连接者”的合法化潜力。文章采用集群理论的认识论框架以及行动者网络理论的方法论工具,以探讨贫民窟游客在实践和展演中被质疑、改变、显现或转变的角色与问题,有效避免了过去贫民窟旅游研究者的伦理困境和代表性问题。实地调研工作包括两次贫民窟之旅,通过跟随游客以观察其构建的秩序与符号系统。研究表明,贫民窟旅游可能与其背后的政治、社会、经济、文化与物质层面的不同转变息息相关。

This paper examines the multiple and heterogeneous, current and potential, relations between hybrid actors of tourism in Favela Santa Marta, Rio de Janeiro. It seeks to elucidate the legitimizing potential of tourists acting as “connectors” that reach beyond formal politics’ hindrances. This work applies assemblage theory epistemological framework, and Actor-Network Theory ethnomethodological tools, to explore the issues and roles questioned, altered, made visible, or transformed through favela tourists’ practices and performances. Hence, avoiding the ethical dilemmas and representational concerns from slum tourism researchers in the past. Our fieldwork engages with two favela tours. We follow tourists as they stitch hybrid actor-networks that create multiple orderings in such assemblages, and their material and semiotic configurations. Our research reveals that such tours could be related to different shifts in the favela’s political, social, economic, cultural, and material dimensions.

Keywords:

贫民窟;城市旅游;行动者网络理论;贫民窟旅游;集群理论